The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is the most recognizable symbol of China.

The Great Wall of China is aptly named Wan Li Chang Cheng in Chinese Language, which literally means long fortress. The Great Wall is an amazing array of stone and earthen fortifications in North China. It was originally built during the Warring States Period by the individual state in order to protect their territories. In 221 BC, Qin Shihuang conquered other six states and founded the first centralized, unified dynasty called the Qin Dynasty. In order to protect the northern borders of ancient China against the fierce intrusions from the northern nomadic tribes, Qin Shihuang had the individual sections of the Great Wall connected and reinforced.

The Great Wall, roughly 6,700 kilometers long, zigzags through the lofty peaks, endless plains, rolling highland and vast grasslands. Though some parts of the Great Wall have been destroyed, the remains still look spectacular. The most sections of the Great Wall include Badaling Great Wall (also known as Juyongguan Great Wall), Jiayuguan Great Wall, Huanghualing Great Wall, Shanhaiguan Great Wall, and Mutianyu Great Wall and so on.

The Great Wall of China is widely known as one of the top 10 buildings in the world. It was inscribed on the list of the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987. As the old Chinese saying goes, he who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. The Great Wall of China is the crystallization of longtime labor and wisdom of ancient Chinese people. A visit to China cannot be complete without a visit to the Great Wall.

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More popular attractions in China:
The Forbidden City The Terracotta Army of Qin Shihuang